The Physicochemical Properties of the Biochar from Oil Palm Residues in ASEAN


  • Joni Jupesta Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth
  • Keigo Akimoto RITE
  • Edi Iswanto Wiloso BRIN
  • Shabbir Gheewala King Mongkut University of Technology Thonburi


The forthcoming IPCC 6th Assessment Report has mentioned that the nature-based solutions for carbon dioxide removal are less costly, closer to deployment, and more vulnerable to reversal, compared to technology-based ones. Biochar, produced from biomass through pyrolysis process, is one such nature-based solution that can help reducing greenhouse gas emissions via soil carbon sequestration. Oil palm biomass residues, namely, empty fruit bunches, mesocarp fiber, oil palm frond, oil palm trunk, and palm kernel shell, are abundant in ASEAN countries, especially in Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand. These residues can be used to produce biochar through thermochemical conversion, so called pyrolysis. This study aims to provide a literature review on the physicochemical properties of biochar production from the palm oil residues mentioned above in the Southeast Asia region. There are ten parameters reviewed such as yield, physical properties (i.e., moisture content, volatile content, fixed carbon content, and energetic value), as well as chemical properties (i.e., C, H, O, N, and ash content) under different temperatures for all palm oil residues. Future research is field application of biochar for soil carbon sequestration and life cycle assessment of biochar production and field application. It is expected that the study could give information to relevant stakeholders on the potential of biochar from oil palm residues in ASEAN as one of nature-based solutions to reduce GHG emissions.

Author Biographies

  • Keigo Akimoto, RITE

    IPCC Lead Author 5th and 6th Assessment Report

  • Edi Iswanto Wiloso, BRIN

    ILCAN CHair of Advisory Board

    research professor at BRIN

  • Shabbir Gheewala, King Mongkut University of Technology Thonburi

    ILCAN Conference 2016-2021 Key note Speaker 

    Professor in LCA at KMUTT, Thailand