LCA and Ecodesign Framework and Applications in the Electronics Sector

Authors

  • Christian Clemm Fraunhofer-Institute for Reliability and Microintegration IZM, Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25, Berlin, 13355, Germany https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7610-8187
  • David Sánchez Fraunhofer-Institute for Reliability and Microintegration IZM, Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25, Berlin, 13355, Germany
  • Karsten Schischke Fraunhofer-Institute for Reliability and Microintegration IZM, Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25, Berlin, 13355, Germany
  • Nils F. Nissen Fraunhofer-Institute for Reliability and Microintegration IZM, Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25, Berlin, 13355, Germany
  • Klaus-Dieter Lang Fraunhofer-Institute for Reliability and Microintegration IZM, Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25, Berlin, 13355, Germany Technische Universität Berlin, Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25, Berlin, 13355, Germany

Abstract

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is an indispensable tool in estimating the environmental impact of products and services. Generating estimates according to international standards is a crucial precondition towards optimizing the environmental performance of products and services. In Europe, the Ecodesign Directive (2009/125/EC) provides a method on how to determine impacts associated with energy-using and energy-related products, including electric and electronic equipment (EEE). One the one hand, efforts are being made to further harmonize LCA methods to allow for comparative assertions between different products and to eventually integrate LCA results into further parts of the European environmental legislation. On the other hand, LCA studies of electronics components, products, and product-service-systems can be very complex, reflecting the global supply chains, advanced production methods, and fast technological developments in the field of EEE. This paper provides and overview of both the LCA and Ecodesign framework, current developments in the field, and illustrates the intricacies of LCA studies in the field of EEE with a focus on consumer ICT and IT devices.

Author Biographies

Christian Clemm, Fraunhofer-Institute for Reliability and Microintegration IZM, Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25, Berlin, 13355, Germany

Dpt. Environmental and Reliability Engineering

David Sánchez, Fraunhofer-Institute for Reliability and Microintegration IZM, Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25, Berlin, 13355, Germany

Dpt. Environmental and Reliability Engineering

Karsten Schischke, Fraunhofer-Institute for Reliability and Microintegration IZM, Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25, Berlin, 13355, Germany

Dpt. Environmental and Reliability Engineering; Group Manager Product Ecodesign and Circular Materials

Nils F. Nissen, Fraunhofer-Institute for Reliability and Microintegration IZM, Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25, Berlin, 13355, Germany

Head of Department Environmental and Reliability Engineering

Klaus-Dieter Lang, Fraunhofer-Institute for Reliability and Microintegration IZM, Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25, Berlin, 13355, Germany Technische Universität Berlin, Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25, Berlin, 13355, Germany

Director of the Fraunhofer Institute for Reliability and Microintegration IZM

Professor for the Chair Nano Interconnect Technologies

References

Directive 2009/125/EC of the European Par-liament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 establishing a framework for the setting of ecodesign requirements for energy-related products (Text with EEA relevance).

Tobias Fleiter, Sibylle Braungardt, Wolfgang Eichhammer, Tariq Sohaib, Barbara Schlo-mann, Rainer Elsland, Lukas Krantzl, Martin Jakob. Assessing the impact of the EU Ecodesign Directive on a member state level. ECEEE Summer Study Proceedings 2015. Pages 1927-1938, ISSN: 2001-7960.

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Christian Clemm, Paul Mählitz, Alexander Schlösser, Vera Susanne Rotter, Klaus-Dieter Lang. Umweltwirkungen von wiederaufladba-ren Lithium-Batterien für den Einsatz in mobi-len Endgeräten der Informations- und Kommunikationstechnik (IKT). UBA Texte 52/2016. Dessau-Roßlau, Germany.

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Unpublished data from EU Horizon 2020 project Sustainable Smart Mobile Devices Lifecycles through Advanced Re-design, Reliability, and Re-use and Remanufacturing Technologies (sustainably-SMART). Grant agreement no. 680640.

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Karsten Schischke, Marina Proske, Miquel Ballester Salvà, Laura Gerritsen, Nikolai Richter, Nils F. Nissen, Klaus-Dieter Lang, Christian Clemm. Modular Smartphones: Design Strate-gies Driven by Life Cycle Assessment Evidence. Proceedings of The 8th International Conference on Life Cycle Management. November 3-6, 2017, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg.

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European Commission. Call for tenders 756/PP/GRO/IMA/19/1131/10936 - Preparatory study for the Ecodesign Working Plan 2020-2024 – Tender Specifications. 2019. Brussels, Belgium.

Published

2019-12-25

Issue

Section

Articles